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WORLD ENGLISH 2 UNIT 8 - NATURE
Lesson B – Exercise A, B, C and D – Track 7 Narrator: The bluefin tuna is one of the most amazing fish in the world. It's a different species from the tuna that you buy at the store in cans. A bluefin tuna can grow to be 12 feet long, and it can weigh more than 1,500 pounds. It's a beautiful fish, too, silvercolored with marks of yellow and blue. With its strong body, it can swim more than 25 miles an hour and it can live for up to 30 years. Unfortunately, the bluefin tuna is also delicious, because it has a lot of fat in its body. In Japan, people use it to make sushi, and in Europe, people love to cook big pieces for tuna steaks. Every year, fishing boats catch more and more of these fish, and now they are in danger of disappearing. If the boats catch too many big bluefins, there won't be any young fish in the future. In the past, bluefin tuna also lived in the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean. But in the 1990s, almost all of these fish were caught. Only 10 percent of the original population of bluefins was left. So the biggest fishing boats moved to the Mediterranean Sea, and now they catch up to 60,000 tons of bluefin tuna there every year. There are international rules for fishing, but these boats don't follow the rules. They catch too many fish, and they harm the environment. If the big boats destroy the fishing in the Mediterranean, many poor people will lose their work. Some scientists say that we should stop catching bluefin tuna for several years, so that the population of tuna can grow again. If this amazing fish disappears, the seas will lose a great treasure. Grammar: Types of Conditionals English has three types of conditional sentences with if: 1. Real situations in the present or future (called the First Conditional): If I study hard, I will get a good grade. 2. Unreal situations (called the Second Conditional): If I studied hard, I would get better grades. (but I don’t study hard) 3. Unreal situations in the past (called the Third Conditional): If I had studied hard, I would have gotten a better grade. (but I didn’t study) 1) Complete the phrases using the correct form of the First Conditional: a) An animal ________________ (be) happy in the wild If it ________________ (have) enough food to eat. b) If you ________________ (run) from a bear, It ________________ (chase) you. c) These Bluefin tuna ________________ (swim) very fast if they ________________ (be) in danger. d) Snake usually ________________ (not / hurt) you if you ________________ (leave) them alone. e) If the city zoo ________________ (close), the elephants ________________ (not / have) a home. MIL - Memorize International Language Rua Daltro Filho, 184 - Centro - Campo Bom/RS Cep: 93700-000 Fone (51) 3038 3828
In English, objects are viewed as separate things that we can count (such as coins) or as a whole that we can’t count (such as money). It is how we view the object that determines its ccountability. Because of this, some nouns can be both count and noncount. Different sets of quantifiers are used with each class of nouns: There is too little paper in the copy machine. There are too few papers for the students in the class.
2) Use the correct quantifier (some, too much/many, a few / a little;…) to complete the sentences: a) (Some / Too much) _________ people think that snails are beautiful. Others think they are ugly. b) Snails are prey for (a lot of / a little) _________ predators. They include snakes, cats and humans. c) Snails have (too little / a few) _________ different habitats. They live both in hot and cold climates. d) There are almost (too many / too much) _________ birds to count. There are more than 10,000 different species of birds in the world. e) Birds have (a lot of / too little) _________ feathers. A small bird may have over 1,000 feathers.
MIL - Memorize International Language Rua Daltro Filho, 184 - Centro - Campo Bom/RS Cep: 93700-000 Fone (51) 3038 3828