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Unlike many works, fashionable in their time but which fall quickly from favor, the Haydn concerto still retains a youthful freshness even today. It is the composers's most popular instrumental concerto. (Edward H. Tarr ITG Journal, Sept. 1996)
The Concerto was written in 1796 for a Viennese trumpeter, Anton Weidinger, the developer of the keyed trumpet. Weidinger started developing his keyed trumpet in 1793 and this trumpet (unlike the earlier natural trumpet) had 4-6 holes or keys. It could produce all the chromatic tones between (Eb) G and 3Bb, but would usually be played at a lower pitch because of the range of the concerto. This Eb trumpet was evidently a forerunner of his 4-6 keyed trumpet (c.1801). There is some evidence that Weidinger knew Haydn before requesting the Concerto, and Haydn may well have been the best man at Weidinger’s wedding in 1792. Rediscovery of the concert. After the first performance (-es) by Weidinger, the concerto was forgotten. In the late 1800 it was rediscovered. Paul Handke (who moved to USA and was trumpeter with Chicago Symphony Orchestra), wrote down the solo trumpet part from the original Haydn maunuscript in 1899. In 1908, Professor Franz Rossbach, Solo-Trumpet with the Wien Philharmonik performed it again in Vienna. Then in March 1914, Eduard Seifert (1870-1965), Solo-Trumpet with the Dresdner Staatskapelle performed the concerto in Dresden. Seifert copied the manuscript from Rossbach. Recordings of the concert: Thursday night, June 23, 1938, Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto was broadcasted by B.B.C. Soloist was the English trumpeter George Eskdale. He played the second and third part, (Andante and Allegro). This broadcast was later made into a 78 rpm phonograph by Columbia Records (Col. 70106-D). It is believed to be the first recording of the Haydn Trumpet Concerto. Here is a list of recordings. Other resources: Neil Davidson: "Comparison between J. Haydn Trumpet Concerto in Eb and A. Arutiunian http://abel.hive.no/trumpet/haydn/
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Joseph Haydn - and his Trumpet Concerto.
Neil Davidson: "Comparison between J. Haydn Trumpet Concerto in Eb and A. Arutiunian Trumpet Concerto in Ab". Here is the whole comparison as PDF-file. (Acrobat Reader - version 3.x or higher) Piano Accompaniment: .. the concerto in MIDI version, and MUS version (Finale 98). The files are packed in ZIP format. Thanks to Verena Jacobsen Barth for information!