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easy guide to the
easy guide to the
by Tony Kosten EVERYMAN CHESS Published by Everyman Publishers, London
First published in 1999 by Everyman Publishers pic, formerly Cadogan Books pic, Gloucester Mansions, 140A Shaftesbury Avenue, London WC2H 8HD in association with Gambit Publications Ltd, 69 Masbro Road, London W14 OLS. Copyright © 1999 Tony Kosten The right of Tony Kosten to be identified as the author of this work has been as serted in accordance with the Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission in writing from the publishers.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
ISBN 1 85744 529 5
Distributed in North America by The Globe Pequot Press, 6 Business Park Road, P.O. Box 833, Old Saybrook, Connecticut 06475-0833. Telephone 1-800 243 0495 (toll free) All other sales enquiries should be directed to Everyman Chess, Gloucester Mansions, 140A Shaftesbury Avenue, London WC2H 8HD tel: 0171 539 7600 fax: 0171 379 4060
E verym an C h ess Se r ie s (formerly Cadogan Chess)
Chief Advisor: Garry Kasparov Series Editor: Murray Chandler Edited by Graham Burgess and typeset by Petra Nunn for Gambit Publications Ltd. Printed in Great Britain by Redwood Books, Trowbridge, Wilts.
Contents Symbols and Bibliography Preface Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
6 jk.e3 6 i .g 5 6 jtc4 6 i .e 2 6g3 6 f4 Other 6th Moves Najdorf Quiz
Solutions Index of Variations
4 5 6 12 29 45 71 94 101 115 123 126 127
Symbols + ++ # X
M ! !? ?!, ? ?? Ch Cht Wch
check double check checkmate capture brilliant move good move interesting move dubious move bad move blunder championship team championship world championship
candidates event Ct interzonal event IZ zonal event Z olympiad OL junior event jr worn women’s event mem memorial event rapidplay game rpd the game ends in 1-0 V2-V2 the game ends in the game ends in 0-1 nth match game (n) see next diagram (D)
Bibliography Books Encyclopaedia o f Chess Openings, vol. B (Sahovski Informator 1984) Informator (1-74) (Sahovski Informator, 1972-99) The Complete Najdorf: Modem Lines, John Nunn and Joe Gallagher (Batsford 1998) The Complete Najdorf: 6 $Lg5, John Nunn (Batsford 1996) Winning With the Najdorf, Daniel King (Batsford 1993) The Najdorf Variation o f the Sicilian Defence, Yefim Geller, Svetozar Gligoric, Lubosh Kavalek and Boris Spassky (RHM Press 1976)
Electronic ChessBase 7, with the analysis modules Fritz 5 and Crafty 16, using games drawn mainly from The Week in Chess (edited by Mark Crowther)
Preface The Easy Guide to the Najdorf} Fine, but, the Najdorf is not an ‘easy’ open ing to learn. It is complex, both strate gically and tactically. This book is part of the ‘Easy Guide’ series, which serve as introductions to popular openings. The aim of this se ries is to explain the opening in ques tion and to provide concise theoretical coverage, generally with a repertoire slant. Every author has his own style and his own preference for the way a book should be written, and I am no exception to this rule. I personally feel that a book should try, as far as possi ble, to cover all the moves that a reader is likely to face. There is nothing worse than buying a new book, assiduously studying the author’s recommenda tions, springing your knowledge on an unsuspecting opponent, only to be hit by some perfectly sound counter, which slipped the author’s attention, and lose. However, this may mean that the book might appear a little ‘dense’, but it is the price to be paid, I’m afraid. The Najdorf is also incredibly pop ular, and is therefore subject to a lot of theoretical interest. As a consequence, it changes almost daily, with new moves and improvements being played all the time. To get around this problem, I have tried to pick sound, established variations wherever suitable, knowing
that they have withstood the ravages of time, and are likely to continue to do so. I have also used my computer to check critical lines, wherever it seemed necessary, and have found many im provements myself. I do not consider myself a Najdorf ‘expert’, whatever that is, although I have played it many times in the past. I took on this project with the goal of building a solid repertoire for myself, with Black, against 1 e4. As I like to win games with Black, as much as with White, I have attempted to pick variations that offer excellent winning chances to Black, with minimum risk. In short, studying all the variations in this book may prove hard work, but it should also prove very rewarding to the diligent reader. And, almost finally, a little word concerning move-order. The traditional move-order, 1 e4 c5 2 £>f3 d6 3 d4 cxd4 4 £ixd4